July 25, 2024

Best time to plant potatoes

Potatoes are a versatile vegetable that can be used in many dishes, but when is the best time to plant them? 

There are a few things to consider when planting potatoes. First, you need to decide whether you want to plant them early or late in the season. Second, you need to choose the right variety of potato for your climate and soil type.

The best time to plant potatoes depends on your location and the type of potato you are planting. If you live in a colder climate, then you will want to plant your potatoes earlier in the season. If you live in a warmer climate, then you will want to wait until later in the season to plant your potatoes.

Growing potatoes in containers

If you want to try your hand at growing potatoes, one of the best ways to do it is in containers. You can plant them in early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked, but if you’re impatient like me, you can also start them indoors several weeks before the last frost date.

Follow below steps to successfully plant your potatoes in containers:

1. The right container

Choose a container that is at least 12 inches deep, as this will give your potato plants plenty of room to grow. You can use anything from traditional pots and buckets to plastic storage containers or even old tires. Just make sure the container has good drainage holes so excess water can drain out.

2. The right soil

Potatoes need well-drained, loose soil to grow properly. You can use store-bought potting mix or make your own by mixing equal parts sand, compost, and peat moss. Avoid using garden soil in your containers as it’s too dense and will compact over time, preventing the roots from spreading.

3. Planting the potatoes

You can either plant whole seed potatoes or cut them into smaller pieces, making sure each piece has at least two eyes or sprouts. Place the potato pieces about 8 inches apart in the soil, then cover with 2-3 inches of soil. Water well and keep the soil moist but not soggy.

4. Fertilizing and watering

As the plants grow, you’ll need to fertilize them every few weeks with a water-soluble fertilizer. Be sure to follow the directions on the package for how much to use. Potatoes also need plenty of water to grow, so be sure to keep the soil moist but not saturated.

With these simple tips, you’ll be well on your way to growing a bountiful harvest of delicious potatoes!

Growing potatoes indoors

If you want to grow potatoes indoors, you will need to start them in pots or trays. You can buy seed potatoes from a garden center or online.

1. Place the seed potatoes in a tray or pot and cover them with soil. Make sure the tubers are covered with at least 1 inch of soil.

2. Water the potatoes regularly and keep the soil moist.

3. When the potato plants are about 6 inches tall, you can begin to “earth up” the plants. This means adding more soil around the base of the plant so that the stems are buried. This will help to support the plant and prevent it from falling over.

4. Keep watering the plants and make sure the soil stays moist.

5. When the potatoes are ready to harvest, you can dig them up with a spade or fork. Be careful not to damage the tubers.

Planting sprouted potatoes

If you have a potato that has started to sprout, you can plant it in the ground. The best time to do this is in the early spring, before the last frost.

Be sure to water the plant regularly, and in a few months you will have a healthy potato plant! While planting potatoes at the right time is important, there are also other factors that can impact their growth.

For example, choosing a well-drained, nutrient-rich soil will help your potato plants grow strong and healthy. Additionally, you should remove any weeds or debris from the area around your potato plant to reduce competition for nutrients.

Growing potatoes in straw

To grow potatoes in straw, you will need:

  • A container or raised bed that is at least 12 inches deep
  • Potatoes
  • Straw

The Steps:

1. Start by filling your container or raised bed with soil to within 12 inches of the top.

2. Cut your potatoes into pieces, making sure each piece has at least one eye on it.

3. Cover the pieces of potato with a thick layer of straw, leaving just the eyes exposed.

4. Water the soil and potatoes regularly, making sure to keep the straw damp as well.

5. As your plants begin to grow, gradually add more layers of straw around them to continue covering their growth.

6. When the plants have flowered and begun to die back, stop watering them and let the potatoes mature in the dry conditions.

7. After a few weeks, dig up your potatoes and enjoy!

If you follow these steps, you should have no trouble growing potatoes in straw. Just remember to keep the straw damp and to gradually add more as the plants grow.

Hydroponic potatoes

A hydroponic potato is a potato that is grown without soil. The potato is planted in a nutrient-rich water solution and the roots grow down into the solution.

This type of potato is becoming more popular because it is easier to grow and the potatoes are less likely to get diseases.


  • Container at least 8 inches deep and has drainage holes. You can use a plastic tub, a bucket, or a large pot.

The Steps:

1. The first step is to fill the container with water and then add the nutrient solution. The nutrient solution can be bought at a garden center or online.

2. Next, you will need to add something for the potato to grow on. This can be a piece of cardboard, a rock, or a small wire cage.

3. Put the potato in the water and make sure that the roots are covered with water.

4. Place the container in a sunny spot and wait for the potato to grow.

5. When the potato plant has grown to be about 8 inches tall, you can start to harvest the potatoes.

6. To harvest the potatoes, simply pull the plant out of the water and cut off the potato-bearing stems.

Growing potatoes from potatoes

Another way to grow potatoes is to start with whole potatoes.

1. Cut them into pieces about two inches thick, making sure there are at least two “eyes” on each piece.

2. Leave the skin on and place the potato pieces in a soil-filled container.

3. Sprinkle some water on top and keep the soil moist. In a few weeks, you’ll see new growth.

4. When the plants are about six inches tall, you can transplant them to your garden.

5. Be sure to hill them up (mound the soil around the plant), as this will help keep the potatoes from turning green and becoming inedible.

Best time to plant potatoes

Potatoes can be planted in the early spring, as soon as the ground can be worked. For most of the United States, this is around late February or early March.

They can also be planted in the late summer, though yields may be lower. And in some areas, potatoes can even be planted in the winter.

The best time to plant potatoes really depends on your climate and growing conditions.

In general, it’s best to plant potatoes when the soil temperature is between 45 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit. If the soil is too cold, the potato seeds may not germinate.

And if the soil is too hot, the potato plants may not produce as many potatoes.

Potato companion plants

Companion planting is a great way to improve the health and productivity of your potato plants. Some plants that make good companions for potatoes are:

  • Basil
  • Chamomile
  • Dill
  • Marigolds
  • Nasturtiums

These plants help to repel pests and diseases, and they also add nutrients to the soil.

When choosing a companion plant for your potatoes, make sure to choose one that is not in the same family as potatoes (Solanaceae).

Some plants that are in the same family as potatoes and should not be planted together are:

  • Tomatoes
  • Peppers
  • Eggplants

Best soil for potatoes

Potatoes grow best in light, sandy loam soil that is high in organic matter. They can be grown in heavier soils, but they will produce smaller tubers.

Soil pH is important for potato growth. Potatoes grow best in a soil pH of 5.0 to 6.0. (3) If the soil pH is below 5.0, the potatoes will suffer from iron deficiency chlorosis.

This condition causes the leaves to turn yellow and the edges of the leaves to brown. If the soil pH is above 6.0, the potatoes will be unable to absorb phosphorus from the soil.

To test your soil’s pH, you can take a sample to your local garden center or perform a simple home test using a soil testing kit.

Potato planting guide

If you want to start growing your own potatoes, the best time to plant them is during late spring or early summer.

When choosing a planting location, make sure that it receives plenty of sunlight and has well-draining soil.

Additionally, you’ll need to prepare your seed potatoes by cutting them into smaller pieces before planting them at least three inches deep in the soil.

To ensure that your potatoes are healthy and productive, you should also keep them well-watered and fertilized throughout the growing season. This may involve using mulch or compost to maintain soil moisture, and spraying your plants with a nutrient-rich fertilizer solution once or twice a month.

Best time to harvest potatoes

The best time to harvest potatoes is typically after they have reached full size and their skin has turned a deep brown. At this point, the potatoes will have the most flavor and be the most nutritious.

One method to determine when your potatoes are ready for harvest is to look at their stems. If the stems seem to be starting to turn yellow and die, then it’s time to harvest your potatoes.

Another important factor in determining when it’s time to harvest your potatoes is soil temperature. Ideally, you’ll want the soil around your potato plants to be above 45 degrees Fahrenheit before you harvest. (1)

If you’re unsure about whether or not your potatoes are ready for harvest, you can always dig up one to check. Simply look at the potato itself and see if it’s reached its full size. If so, then it’s ready to be harvested!

Best fertilizer for potatoes

When it comes to fertilizing potatoes, there are a few things to keep in mind. The main goal is to provide the plant with enough nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to help it grow big and strong. Here are a few of the best fertilizers for potatoes:

1. Cottonseed meal

This is a great option for potatoes, as it is rich in nitrogen and supports long-term growth. To use cottonseed meal as a fertilizer for potatoes, simply apply it to the soil at the time of planting or during the growing season.

2. Compost

Adding compost to your potato plants is another great way to provide them with all of the nutrients they need to thrive. Compost contains a variety of nutrients, including nitrogen and phosphorus, that can help make your potatoes bigger and more abundant.

3. Manure

Manure is another great option for potato fertilization, as it provides plants with plenty of organic matter to support healthy growth. When using manure as a fertilizer for potatoes, be sure to apply it at least a few weeks before harvest, so that the nutrients can be absorbed by the plant.

If you are looking for an extra boost of nutrition and growth for your potato plants, consider using any of these top-rated fertilizers to help them thrive. Whether you opt for cottonseed meal, compost, or manure, your potatoes are sure to be big and beautiful in no time!

How to harvest potatoes

When harvesting potatoes, be sure to dig down deep enough to get all the tubers. If you’re not sure if they’re all out, gently give the soil a few taps with your hand; any potatoes left in the ground will sound hollow.

Storing Potatoes

Once you’ve harvested all the potatoes, store them in a cool, dark place until you’re ready to use them. Potatoes should ideally be stored between 43 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal freshness. (2)

Potato Varieties

There are many different varieties of potatoes, each with their own unique characteristics.

Some of the most popular types include:

  • Red potatoes
  • Yellow potatoes
  • Russet potatoes
  • Fingerling potatoes

No matter which type you choose, be sure to plant them at the right time for the best results.

Potato water for plants

Potatoes are a great source of water for plants. When you are planting your potatoes, be sure to leave a few inches of space between each one so that the potato water can reach the other plants.

The potato water will help keep the plants healthy and hydrated.

To prepare potato water, simply peel a few potatoes and chop them into small pieces. Then, boil the potatoes until they are soft. Strain the potatoes and discard the cooking water.

The potato water can be used to water plants immediately or it can be stored in the fridge for later use.

Final Thoughts

Although the best time to plant potatoes may vary depending on your climate, it is important to remember that early planting can result in higher yields. If you are looking for a successful potato crop, make sure to plan ahead and give your plants the best chance for success by planting them at the right time.