May 22, 2024

How to make compost step by step

Proper composting is a great way to reduce your waste and improve your soil, but it can be confusing to know where to start. 

Composting seems like a daunting task, but it’s really not that hard. You just need the right information to get started.

In this guide, we’ll walk you through how to make compost step by step. We’ll show you everything from what materials you need to how to set up your composter. Plus, we’ll give you tips on how to keep your compost pile healthy and thriving.

How to make compost at home

If you’re looking to start composting at home, there are a few things you need to know.

First, you’ll need a composter. There are a variety of composters available on the market, or you can make your own.

Second, you’ll need to gather some materials for your compost pile. Most organic materials can be composted, but you’ll want to avoid anything that’s treated with chemicals or that contains diseases.

Third, you’ll need to set up your composter and add the organic materials. Once your composter is set up, you’ll need to turn it regularly to aerate the compost and help it break down.

Fourth, you’ll need to wait for the compost to mature. Depending on the materials you’ve used and the conditions of your compost pile, this can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months.

Once your compost is ready, you can use it to improve your soil or as a natural fertilizer for your plants.

Find out: Landscape design services

How to start composting

If you have never composted before, or if it has been a while since you last tried, here are some tips to get you started.

1. Find a compost bin

There are many different types and sizes of compost bins available, so you should be able to find one that fits your needs.

2. Collect your materials

You will need to collect a variety of materials for your compost, including:

  • kitchen scraps (vegetable peels, coffee grounds, egg shells, etc.) (1)
  • lawn clippings
  • leaves
  • manure (from cow, horse, chicken, etc.)

3. Add the materials to your bin

Once you have collected your materials, it is time to add them to your bin.

4. Turn the compost

To help the composting process, you will need to turn the materials in your bin periodically. This can be done with a shovel or pitchfork.

5. Use the compost

After several weeks or months, your compost will be ready to use. It can be used in the garden or added to potted plants.

How to build a compost bin


  • 4 wooden stakes, 6 feet long
  • Hammer
  • Saw
  • Drill with a 3/8 inch bit
  • Compost bin bin plans


1. Cut the stakes to length with a saw. You will need four stakes, each 6 feet long.

2. Hammer the stakes into the ground, forming a square. Make sure the corners are touching and that the sides are level with each other.

3. Drill 3/8 inch holes every 8 inches along two of the stakes.

4. Attach the bin plans to the remaining two stakes with screws or nails.

5. Fill your compost bin with leaves, grass clippings, and other organic material.

6. Turn the compost regularly to aerate it and help speed up the decomposition process.

7. When the compost is ready, it will be dark brown and crumbly. Use it to fertilize your garden or lawn.

Learn more: Trench composting disadvantages

How to make compost from kitchen waste


1. Collect all of your kitchen waste in a compost bin or pile. This can include vegetable scraps, fruit scraps, eggshells, coffee grounds, tea leaves, and any other organic matter.

2. Add a layer of soil or compost to the top of your kitchen waste. This will help to start the composting process.

3. Water your kitchen waste thoroughly.

4. Turn the compost regularly to aerate it and help speed up the decomposition process.

5. When the kitchen waste has decomposed, you will have rich compost that can be used in your garden!

How to make compost tea

Compost tea is a great way to add nutrients to your garden. To make compost tea, you will need:

  • A large container (like a trashcan)
  • A large bag or sack of compost
  • A hose with a sprayer attachment

1. Fill the large container with water and add the compost.

2. Mix it up well, making sure that the compost is fully saturated.

3. Let the mixture sit for 24 hours.

4. After 24 hours, attach the hose and sprayer attachment to the container and mix the tea again.

5. Spray the compost tea onto your garden beds or plants. Make sure to wet the leaves and stems, as well as the roots.

6. Compost tea can be stored in a covered container for up to two weeks. After that, it will start to lose its nutrients.

How to make vermicompost

Making vermicompost is a great way to recycle organic waste and create a valuable soil amendment. You can make your own vermicompost bin using a few simple supplies or even just a garbage can.

To make vermicompost, you will need:

  • A container for your worms (I use an old garbage can)
  • Some bedding material for your worms (I use shredded newspaper)
  • Worms! Red wigglers are the best type of worm to use for vermicomposting
  • Organic waste for your worms to eat (vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, etc.)


1. Drill or punch holes in the bottom of your container for drainage.

2. Add bedding material to the container.

3. Add worms and organic waste.

4. Keep the bin moist but not wet, and aerate as needed.

5. Harvest your vermicompost when it is ready.

How to make compost manure

Making compost manure is one of the most important things you can do for your garden. Not only does it provide your plants with nutrients, but it also helps to improve the texture and structure of your soil. Here are the steps you need to take to make your own compost manure:

1. Choose a location for your compost pile. It should be in a shady spot and away from any buildings or other structures.

2. Add organic materials to your compost pile. This can include things like leaves, grass clippings, and vegetable scraps.

3. Moisten the organic materials with water. You want the materials to be damp, but not soaked.

4. Turn the compost pile every few days. This helps to aerate the materials and speeds up the decomposition process.

5. Once the compost is finished, it will be dark and crumbly. You can then use it to fertilize your garden beds or potted plants.

How to start a compost tumbler

If you have a compost tumbler, you can start adding your kitchen scraps and yard waste to it right away. If you don’t have one, you can easily make your own compost bin from a plastic storage container.

To start a compost tumbler, you’ll need:

  • A compost tumbler
  • Kitchen scraps
  • Yard waste


1. Start by adding kitchen scraps to your compost tumbler. You can add things like fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds, and eggshells.

2. Once you’ve added your kitchen scraps, it’s time to add some yard waste. This can include things like leaves, grass clippings, and twigs.

3. Once you’ve added both kitchen scraps and yard waste, it’s time to start tumbling the compost. This will help mix everything together and speed up the composting process.

4. Compost is ready to use when it’s dark and crumbly. This usually takes around 2-3 weeks.

5. Once your compost is ready, you can use it in your garden or on your lawn. It’s a great way to add nutrients to the soil and help your plants grow!

Learn more: How to choose the right pot for plant

How to make a worm bed

To make a worm bed, you will need:

  • a bin or container at least 12 inches deep and 18 inches wide
  • a drill with a 3/8 inch bit
  • coarse sand or builder’s sand
  • vermiculite or perlite (2)
  • compost or shredded bark
  • red wiggler worms ( Eisenia fetida)


1. Drill several drainage holes in the bottom of your bin or container.

2. Fill the bottom of the bin with a layer of coarse sand or builder’s sand. This will help with drainage.

3. Add a layer of vermiculite or perlite. This will help aerate the bedding.

4. Add a layer of compost or shredded bark. This will provide food for the worms.

5. Add your red wiggler worms to the bedding.

6. Cover the top of the bedding with a damp cloth or newspaper to keep it moist.

7. Place the worm bed in an area that is out of direct sunlight and where the temperature will remain between 55 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit.

8. Add food scraps to the bedding as needed. The worms will eat the food scraps and help to create compost.

9. Harvest your compost as needed. You can do this by scooping it out from around the edges of the bin or container.

How to speed up composting

If you want to speed up the composting process, there are a few things you can do. First, make sure you have a good mix of green and brown materials.

Green materials like fresh grass clippings and vegetable scraps add nitrogen, while brown materials like dried leaves and twigs add carbon. You can also add activators like compost starter or manure to help speed up the process.

Another way to speed things up is to chop or shred your compost ingredients into smaller pieces. This will help them break down more quickly.

Finally, make sure your compost pile is moist but not soggy, and turn it every week or so to aerate it and help the materials break down faster.

With a little effort, you can have compost in as little as two months. Just follow these simple tips and you’ll be well on your way to turning your kitchen scraps and yard waste into valuable compost for your garden.

How to make organic compost

Composting is a process of turning organic matter into a rich soil amendment. Finished compost is a dark, crumbly, earthy-smelling material that can be used to improve the soil in your garden. It also helps retain moisture and suppress weed growth.

To make compost, you will need:

  • Organic matter such as leaves, grass clippings, and kitchen scraps
  • A compost bin or pile
  • Water
  • Air


Step 1: Gather your organic matter.

The first step in making compost is to gather your organic matter. You can use leaves, grass clippings, and kitchen scraps. If you have a lot of organic matter, you may want to chop it up into smaller pieces so that it will decompose more quickly.

Step 2: Add your organic matter to the compost bin or pile.

Once you have gathered your organic matter, add it to the compost bin or pile. If you are using a bin, be sure to layer the organic matter so that it is evenly distributed.

Step 3: Add water to the compost bin or pile.

Next, add water to the compost bin or pile. The organic matter should be moist, but not soggy.

Step 4: Turn the compost bin or pile every few days.

To keep the compost process going, you will need to turn the bin or pile every few days. This will aerate the compost and help it to decompose more quickly.

Step 5: Harvest your compost when it is finished.

After several weeks, your compost should be finished and ready to use. To harvest it, simply spread it on your garden beds or use it to Amend your soil.

Final Thoughts

Composting is a great way to reduce your waste and help the environment. By following these simple steps, you can start composting today!